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6th Euro Oncology and Cancer Summit, will be organized around the theme “Exploring New Frontiers in Cancer Research”
EURO ONCOLOGY 2023 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in EURO ONCOLOGY 2023
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Cancer diagnosis, treatment, and research all rely on pathology. Pathology advancements in the twentieth century allowed for more precise concepts to be expanded and recognised in clinical practise: cancer grading and staging, carcinoma in situ, Cytopathology in screening and diagnosis, immunohistochemistry, and biomarkers. Cancer is now recognised as a genetic disease as we reach the twenty-first century.
Treatment for cancer pathology:
- Radiation therapy
Solid tumours account for around 30% of all malignancies in children. A brain tumour is the most common type of solid tumour discovered in children. Tumors are not all cancerous. A benign tumour is one that does not contain any cancer cells. Malignant tumours include cancer cells. The research of Tumour Suppressor Genes and Proto-Oncogenes Genetic Alterations in Solid Tumors has substantially enhanced our understanding of cancer biology. Scientists are learning more about the fundamental processes that allow solid tumours to develop, advance, and respond to treatment.
Examples of solid tumours are
One of the most important modalities of cancer treatment is targeted cancer therapy. Targeted Therapy, rather than merely interfering with all rapidly proliferating cells, inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells by obstructing with Specific Targeted Molecules essential for carcinogenesis and tumour growth. Targeted cancer therapies are expected to be more effective than traditional treatments and less damaging to normal cells. Numerous Targeted Therapies are instances of immunotherapy that uses immune processes to achieve therapeutic goals developed by the field of cancer immunology. As a result, immunomodulators are one sort of biological response modifier.
Side effects of Targeted therapy:
- Diarrhea and
- Liver problems
Other side effects:
- Blood clotting
- Wound healing
- High blood pressure
- Mouth sores
- Nail changes
- Rash and
- Dry skin
Recent scientific advances have aided in comprehending the erratic relationship between the microbiome and cancer. Our bodies are constantly exposed to Microbial Cells, both resident and transitory, and their buy items, which include harmful compounds. The flow of harmful metabolites causes cancer progression to distant places where certain organisms reside and may relocate to different areas in the body, which is linked to tumour progression.
Supported ways to improve microbiome:
- Eat prebiotic fiber
- Eat less sugar and sweeteners
- Reduce stress
- Avoid taking antibiotics unnecessarily
- Exercise regularly
- Get enough sleep
An Oncology Nurse is a type of medical carer that specialises in cancer patients. Cancer patients travel a long distance from diagnosis to treatment. Because cancer affects not only the body but also the patient's psychological and social standing, there is no single road that all cancer patients travel.
Palliative Care is a type of treatment that aims to make the patient feel better while also attempting to treat the condition. Palliative Care involves action to alleviate physical, emotional, spiritual, and psychosocial distress. Unlike cancer treatments, which are specifically designed to destroy cancer cells. The primary goal of Palliative Care is to increase personal contentment.
- Improved medication management
- Improved symptoms
- Improved medication adherence
- Optimized treatment outcomes
- Enhanced psychosocial support
- Reduced length of hospital stay
Gene Therapy is a branch of biomedical study that aims to influence the course of many genetic and acquired (so-called multifactorial) disorders at the DNA/RNA level. Cell treatment focuses on various diseases at the cellular level, for example, by re-establishing a certain cell population or using cells as healing cargo. Furthermore, these two domains have produced reagents, concepts, and approaches that are illuminating the better purposes of quality control, input circles, stem cell lineage, cell-cell interactions, enhancement circles, regenerative limit, and redesigning or remodelling.
Advantages of gene therapy:
Cancer Immunology is a branch of biology concerned with studying the function of the immune system in the progression, advancement, and spread of cancer. Cancer Immune Therapy, which employs the immune system to treat cancer, is the most well-known use.Cancer immunology is the study of how the immune system interacts with tumours or abnormalities.
Cancer Specific Antigen Recognition
1. Immunosurveillance: Lymphocytes serve as sentinels, recognising and removing newly produced, altered cells.
2. Immunoediting: The process by which a person is put at risk of cancer growth and the development of malignancy. Immunogenicity
Cancer A biomarker is a chemical or interaction that indicates the presence of cancer in the body. A biomarker could be an atom released by a tumour or the body's express reaction to the presence of cancer. Hereditary characteristics, epigenetic, glycomic, and imaging biomarkers can all be utilised to investigate cancer transmission, endpoint, and perception. Most biomarkers can be examined in non-obtrusively collected bio fluid such as serum and blood.
Treatment of Biomarkers in cancer care:
- Protein and
- Metabolomic profiles
Metastasis is the process through which certain cancer cells separate from their original tumour and thrive in a different tissue. This is the primary cause why people die from cancer. We now have unparalleled opportunities to unravel the science of this issue, as well as a related one - how certain Tumours gain long-term resistance to medications. Our experts are interested in every aspect of Metastasis and Resistance research, including Tumour Microenvironment Interactions, cell guidance, Cancer Stem Cells, and the list goes on.
Treatment for Metastasis and Drug Resistance
Neonatology is a branch of paediatrics that deals with the medical care of newborn newborns, particularly premature or sick babies. It is a hospital-based specialty that is most commonly found in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). Newborn infants who are unwell or require special medical care owing to intrauterine growth retardation, congenital abnormalities (birth defects), sepsis, preterm, low birth weight, pulmonary hypoplasia, or birth asphyxia are the primary patients of neonatologists.
Paediatric Oncology is a medical specialty that focuses on the detection and treatment of cancer in children. Childhood cancer, commonly known as (paediatric cancer), is cancer that occurs in children. In the United States, the randomly accepted standard of ages used is 0-14 years, which is up to 14 years and 11.9 months of age.Diaper Rash
- Gas Pains
Radiation Therapy, often known as radiotherapy, is used to treat cancer by regulating or killing cancerous cells. If radiation therapy is limited to one area of the body, it may be beneficial in different types of cancer. Radiation Therapy works in tandem with chemotherapy and has been used before, during, and after chemotherapy in patients with susceptible tumours. Radiation Oncology is an Oncology specialisation that focuses on radiotherapy.
Cancer Imaging is a broad term that encompasses a variety of technologies used in cancer diagnosis and research. It was initially intended to analyse and organise the illness, but it is now also used to assist with a medical treatment and Radiotherapy, to distinguish patients who are responsive to therapy, and to look for early reactions.
Cancer is fundamentally a disease of tissue growth regulation. Oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes are the two primary types of impacted genes. Oncogenes are genes that promote cell growth and replication. Tumor suppressor genes are those that prevent cell division and survival. Malignant transformation can occur as a result of the emergence of novel Oncogenes, the inappropriate over-expression of known Oncogenes, or the under-expression or inactivation of Tumour Suppressor Genes.
Cancer Epigenetics is the study of epigenetic modifications to the genome of cancer cells that do not involve any changes to the nucleotide sequence. Epigenetic changes are as important as genetic mutations in the transformation of normal cells to cancer cells, and their management holds remarkable promise for cancer prevention, detection, and treatment. In many kinds of cancer, a variety of epigenetic mechanisms can be perturbed, such as silencing of Tumour Suppressor Genes and activation of Oncogenes by altered histone modifications, CpG island methylation patterns, and dysregulation of DNA binding proteins.
Effects of epigenetics:
- Physical activity
- Tobacco smoking
- Alcohol consumption
- Environmental pollutants
- Psychological stress and
- Working on night shifts
A Cancer Vaccination is a vaccine that aids in the treatment of existing cancers or prevents their spread. Therapeutic cancer vaccines are those that are used to treat existing cancer. Some vaccines are "autologous," meaning they are made from samples collected from the patient and are unique to that patient. According to some experts, malignant cells often develop and are killed by the immune system, and tumours form when the immune system fails to destroy them.
Three types of treating Cancer Vaccines:
- BCG live
- Talimogene laherparepvec
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Organ Specific Cancers will be identified after the location of the cancer in the body organ. This rate is increasing in different parts of the world and has been a significant general medical problem despite gains in understanding of the atomic and cell events that underpin it. Cancers are classified according to the location of the malignant development in the body organ. For example, brain cancer, oral cancer, lung cancer, head and neck cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, gastric cancer, renal cell cancer, and so on. These types of cancer are classified as Organ Specific Cancer.
Organs are affected by cancer:
- Liver or
Computational Oncology is a relatively new term in medicine that is gaining traction. Some may be surprised to learn that whole divisions are being created in clinical foundations all around the world and are designated accordingly. On closer inspection, this two-word state evokes a comprehensive sense of the complexities that surround medical care, particularly oncology. It concerns the expansion of the business and medication into a more interdisciplinary arena.
Cancer genomics is the study of the differences in DNA sequence and gene expression between tumour cells and normal host cells. It intends to appreciate the genetic basis of tumour cell multiplication and the progression of the disease genome as it changes and is determined by the body environment, the resistant framework, and restorative intercessions. Tumors are inherited illnesses that are caused by alterations that lead to abnormal cell development, regardless of whether they occur by chance, environmental circumstances, or acquired tendency.
Prevention of Cancer Genomics:
- Don't use tobacco
- Eat a healthy diet
- Protect yourself from the sun
- Get vaccinated
- Avoid risky behaviours
- Get regular medical care
Cancer metabolism refers to the differences in cellular metabolism pathways seen in cancer cells vs most normal tissue cells. Cancer cells undergo multiple metabolic changes, including increased aerobic glycolysis, decreased oxidative phosphorylation, and increased production of biosynthetic intermediates required for cell growth and proliferation. One method of dealing with cancer cells is to starve them to death by denying them nourishment, particularly glucose.
Treatment for cancer metabolism:
Exercise Oncology employs a wide range of physical fitness routines. A complete programme that focuses on your entire body. The Exercise Oncology Service brings together cancer researchers and physiologists to investigate the role of physical activity in cancer treatment and prognosis. For a long time, people with cancer and their primary care physicians have been intrigued by the prospect that something as simple as feasible could make cancer therapy more engaging and allow them to recover more quickly after treatment is over.
- Breathing exercises
- Balance exercises
- Aerobic exercise
- Strength training
Cancer epidemiology is the study of the factors that influence cancer in order to identify potential trends and causes. Cancer Epidemiology research employs Epidemiological Methods to determine the cause of cancer and to perceive and promote effective therapy. This field of study should address issues of lead time proclivity and length time proclivity. The theory of lead time predisposition is that early detection may artificially increase the endurance measurements of a Cancer without genuinely enhancing the common history of the infection.
Cancer cells are cells that divide regularly, flooding the blood with unusual cells and tumour forms. Cell division is a common process employed by the body for development and repair. Cancer cells have the ability to spread from one part of the body to the next in a process known as metastasis.
Carcinogenesis is also known as Tumorigenesis or Oncogenesis. It is the process through which normal cells are transformed into cancer cells. Changes in odd cell division, cell, hereditary, and epigenetic levels characterise the cycle. Cell division is a natural process that occurs in all tissues.
Mutagenesis is a process that alters a live being's genetic data, resulting in a metamorphosis. DNA can be altered either naturally or artificially by applying physical, chemical, and organic expertise, resulting in modifications. "Unconstrained Mutations" occur as a result of hydrolysis, errors in DNA replication, repair, and recombination.